In a World Bank supported National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey(NARSS) to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen(SBM-G) conducted by an Independent Verification Agency, it was found that 93.1 per cent of households in India had access to toilets during 2018-2019.

The survey also reported many other facts signifying the success of India’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan(Clean India Mission).

  • 96.5 per cent of people who had access to toilets used them on a regular basis
  • Over 95 per cent of the surveyed villages were found to have minimal stagnant water and litter.
  • 90 per cent of villages that were declared and verified as Open Defecation Free previously were confirmed as Open Defecation Free.
  • Remaining villages were confirmed to have a sanitation coverage of around 93 per cent.

The IVA’s findings have been presented to the Expert Working Group(EWG) that was constituted for the purpose of providing oversight of NARSS. This group comprises of many organizations including UNICEF, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, India Sanitation Coalition, Water Aid, NITI Aayog, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, and the World Bank.

The survey was done using the Probability Proportion to Size(PPS) sampling methodology that yields results within a 95 per cent confidence interval. The Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing(CAPI) platform was used to collect the data.

This survey comes at a time when the opposition is asking the government to show the work it has done over the last 5 years and offers proof to the success of one of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s major schemes, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.