Almost a week after an intensified crackdown on activities and leaders of the organization, Indian government finally banned Jamaat-e-Islami as “unlawful organization” involved in “anti-national and subversive activities”.

The Kashmir organization was banned for five years, under the Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).

What exactly is Jamaat-e-Islami?

Founded before the end of World War II, in 1942, the organization started as an Islamic political party holding the view that Jammu and Kashmir is a state in dispute, with an inherent right to self-determination. Over time, it branched into militancy by regional Hizbul Mujahideen which named itself as the militant wing of Jammat-e-Islami (JeI).

According to Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), JeI threatens the territorial integrity of India:

“JeI, if not banned would continue advocating secession of J&K from Union of India; propagate anti-national and separatist sentiments prejudicial to integrity and security of the country, escalate secessionist movements, support militancy and incite violence”.

Prior the official 5-year ban, the authorities have detained between 250-300 activists and leaders of the organization, almost all of which were from districts in South Kashmir.